Behavioural shift, communication can raise awareness about safe abortions in India.

29-03-2017
HT


Adopting interactive communication can improve knowledge about safe abortions, a major public health problem in India, claims a new study.

Complications during abortions account for nearly 8-9% of maternal deaths in the country where every year an estimated 6.4 million abortions are performed and over half (56%) are estimated to be unsafe.

To increase abortion knowledge, interventions should focus on multiple exposures to Behaviour change communication (BCC) activities in order to ensure accurate knowledge, the study by Ipas Development Foundation (IDF) said.

“Even today, unsafe abortion is a significant public health problem in India. Many women in the country remain uninformed about safe abortion practices, the fact the abortion is legal and the various government-certified public health facilities where abortion services are provided.

“However, BCC interventions can help in improving knowledge of safe abortion, especially complex issues such as legal gestational age limit. To increase abortion knowledge, interventions should focus on multiple exposures to BCC activities to ensure accurate knowledge,” the study said.

It said that BCC interventions have already shown to have the potential of improving knowledge of contraceptive use, immunisation and HIV/AIDS. The study was conducted among married women aged 15–49 years.

IDF, in collaboration with Bihar and Jharkhand governments piloted two models of BCC interventions in four selected districts, two each in Bihar and Jharkhand – High Intensity Model (HIM) and Low Intensity Model (LIM).

The HIM intervention consisted of communication activities including interpersonal communication through group meetings and interactive games, wall signs, street dramas and distribution of low-literacy reference materials.

The LIM intervention was focused on increasing access to safe abortion services through community intermediaries (ASHA, AWW, ANM) and wall signs.

The HIM intervention was found to be more effective than the LIM intervention in increasing comprehensive knowledge about safe abortion services, the study said.

The study also found evidence of a dose–response relationship between level of exposure to abortion-related messages and accurate knowledge about abortion (higher dose = more accurate knowledge).

Though the HIM intervention requires a greater investment of resources, it is likely to result in better outcomes than the LIM intervention, the study authored by Sushanta K Banerjee, Kathryn Andersen, Erin Pearson, Janardan Warvadekar, Danish U Khan and Sangeeta Batra said.

“Today, unsafe abortion is still a significant public health problem in India, with complications of abortion accounting for 8–9% of maternal deaths. Every year an estimated 6.4 million abortions are performed in India, and over half (56%) are estimated to be unsafe.

“Many women are not aware that abortion is legal, nor are they aware of facilities that are certified by the government to provide abortion services,” the IDF said.

 

Write your Comments on this Article

Disclaimer: Please write your correct name and email address. Kindly do not post any personal, abusive, defamatory, infringing, obscene, indecent, discriminatory or unlawful or similar comments. Konkanworld.com will not be responsible for any defamatory message posted under this article. Please note that under 66A of the IT Act, sending offensive or menacing messages through electronic communication service and sending false messages to cheat, mislead or deceive people or to cause annoyance to them is punishable. It is obligatory on Konkanworld.com to provide the IP address and other details of senders of such comments, to the authority concerned upon request. Hence, sending offensive comments using Konkanworld.com will be purely at your own risk, and in no way will Konkanworld.com be held responsible. Similarly, Konkanworld.com reserves the right to edit / block / delete the messages without notice any content received from readers.

  • Konkan World
  • Stay Connected
  • Facebook Google+ Twitter YouTube

KONKAN WORLD offers accurate, up-to-date, a large collection of videos from KONKAN WORLD VIDEOS and indulge in fun you will not find else where!.
© Copyright 2014 Konkanworld media Inc